There are a large variety of different types of mental health disorder. Each will have its own set of symptoms and affect the individual sufferer in a particular way. Mental disorder can be something mild like a short term depressive episode following the breakup of a marriage or it might be something more damaging and long term that needs professional help and plenty of support to treat.
There are actually over 200 different types of mental disorder of which the most common are the following:
Most of us feel anxious at some point – whether it’s going for that important interview or worrying over a loved one. When it becomes debilitating and starts interfering with your daily life, then the chances are you need to do something about it. There are a variety of different kinds of anxiety disorder including:
Bipolar disorder is a common mental health problem where sufferers switch between extreme highs to deep lows. During the highs they can become hyperactive, laugh uncontrollably and have difficulty in reigning in their emotions. The lows can cause intense feelings of depression and can even lead to thoughts of suicide. Unlike normal mood swings, highs and lows can last a number of weeks, which is one reason why people are often initially misdiagnosed with something like clinical depression.
Depression is a common mental health issue and is suffered by millions of people globally. As with anxiety, we all feel a little low at times and may suffer bouts of depression when, for instance, we have lost someone close to us. Clinical depression is a severe form of the condition where the individual cannot get themselves out of their low state. Serious forms of depression will need the help of health care professionals and may involve taking medication until the condition improves.
Eating disorders that lead to conditions such as obesity have been a growing public health concern, particularly in the West, for a number of years now. Eating disorders aren’t just about excessive eating though. A person may have a condition such as anorexia or bulimia. Others may have a particular addiction to a certain type or even brand of food. Eating disorders are often linked to other problems such as anxiety and depression.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
An obsessive compulsive disorder is one where a person suffers from compulsions or obsessions with particular things. For instance, someone who is afraid of germs may be constantly vigilant about what they touch and will clean obsessively. Recurring thoughts such as these can have a huge impact on the ability of a person to engage with society and lead a fruitful life.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
With troops returning from war zones and having to cope with mental health problems, post-traumatic stress disorder or PTSD has become more well-known in recent years. It’s an anxiety disorder that evolves out of a traumatic experience either from taking part or being involved as a witness.
Schizophrenia is a highly damaging mental illness that is characterised by the gradual eroding of thought, feeling and perception. People suffering from this illness can seem to have lost touch with reality and will have problems such as hearing voices and other hallucinations, may have periods when they are catatonic and can be highly agitated and aggressive. In its severest form, schizophrenia can lead the sufferer to harm themselves and others because of their delusions.